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句子的种类讲解

类型:英语语法    时间:2023-05-04    点击量250
1、陈述句的否定
(1)在含有宾语从句的主从复合句中,当主句的谓语动词是think, expect, believe, suppose, guess, fancy,imagine等,且主句主语是第一人称时,宾语从句谓语的否定习惯上要移到主句谓语上,如: I don't think he is right.
(2)含有否定意义的副词never, seldom, hardly, scarcely, rarely, barely的句子应视为否定句,如: I have never been there before.
2、反意疑问句
(1)need和dare 既可作情态动词,又可作实意动词,在反问部分须加以区别,如We needn't leave, need we? We don't need to leave, do we?
(2)陈述部分出现否定意义的副词或代词如never, seldom, few, hardly, little等时,反问部分须用肯定形式,如:He seldom comes, does he?
(3)陈述部分用不定代词作主语时,反问部分的主语用it ,如:Nothing can stop me, can it?
陈述部分用everybody, everyone, somebody, someone,等作主语时,反问部分常用it,有时也用they,如:Everybody knows that, don't they?
(4)陈述部分包括used to 时,反问部分可有两种形式,如: You used to get up early, usedn't (didn't) you?
(5)陈述部分是"there + be"结构时,反问部分用there,如:There's something wrong with you, isn't there?
(6)陈述部分是含有宾语从句的主从复合句时,反问部分的主语和谓语应和主句保持一致,如: He never told others what he thought, did he?但,如果是I think , I believe等+宾语从句时,反问部分须和从句的动词保持一致,如,I don't think he is right, is he? I don't believe he does that, does he?
3、感叹句
用what或how,What a beautiful park it is.
How beautiful a park it is.
How beautiful the park is.
How we worked!
4、祈使句
Take care!Don't stand there.
Please open the door for the old lady.
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