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2021年北京市高考英语试卷

类型:高中习题   时间:2024-03-06   点击量3469   习题数【34】
用时【00:00:00
客观题
主观题
Recently,I took a trip home by train.I got a seat opposite a middle-aged man with sharp eyes,who kept____【1】____a young woman in a window seat with a little boy on her lap.The woman's eye fell on the man's face,and she immediately looked down and____【2】____her scarf. 
As the night wore on,people began to close their eyes,but the seats were so uncomfortable that only a very heavy sleeper could manage to get any____【3】____.The woman looked over at the man.He was still staring at her.She looked back at him with fire in her eyes.I was beginning to get____【4】____,too. 
The train moved on.The little boy was ____【5】____ awake on his mother's lap,but the woman dropped off to sleep.A moment later,he began to____【6】____the half-open window—one leg went over it.The man jumped up and ____【7】____the child just before he fell out. 
The____【8】____ woke up the woman.She seemed to be in____【9】____,and then reality dawned (显现).“Your child has been looking for an opportunity to climb out of the window,”the man said as he gave the child back to her. .“So I have been watching the whole time.”The woman was _____【10】_____,and so was I.
第1题
第【1】空选择?
A.guiding B.bothering C.watching D.monitoring
第2题
第【2】空选择?
A.adjusted B.changed C.packed D.waved
第3题
第【3】空选择?
A.air B.joy C.space D.rest
第4题
第【4】空选择?
A.nervous B.embarrassed C.angry D.disappointed
第5题
第【5】空选择?
A.almost B.still C.hardly D.even
第6题
第【6】空选择?
A.drag B.climb C.knock D.push
第7题
第【7】空选择?
A.grabbed B.rocked C.touched D.picked
第8题
第【8】空选择?
A.alarm B.quarrel C.risk D.noise
第9题
第【9】空选择?
A.sorrow B.relief C.panic D.pain
第10题
第【10】空选择?
A.astonished B.confused C.concerned D.inspired
Why do we dream?Scientists aren't completely sure,and they have diverse____【1】____ (idea).Dreams might be a side effect of memory making.When you sleep,your brain sorts through everything ____【2】____ happened during the day,trying to link new experiences to old memories.As it ____【3】____ (connect) things,your brain tums them into a story,and you get a dream. 
第11题
第【1】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第12题
第【2】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第13题
第【3】空填什么?
请输入答案:
Sam is an in-real-life streamer(播主),and he live streams himself just going about his day.While riding his bike home ____【1】____ a cold night,he came across a sad-looking elderly woman wandering the streets by herself.The poor woman wasn't able to give him any information about ____【2】____ she lived.Sam walked her to a nearby convenience store so that she could ____【3】____(safe) wait for the police to take her home.
第14题
第【1】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第15题
第【2】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第16题
第【3】空填什么?
请输入答案:
There ____【1】____(be) a dramatic rise in the number of extreme weather events over the past 20 years,____【2】____(cause) largely by rising global temperatures,according to a new report from the United Nations. From 2000 to 2019, there were 7,348 major natural disasters around the world,____【3】____(result) in USD 2,970 billion in economic loss.Much of this increase can be due to climate change. The findings show a critical need ___【4】____ (invest) in disaster prevention. 
第17题
第【1】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第18题
第【2】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第19题
第【3】空填什么?
请输入答案:
第20题
第【4】空填什么?
请输入答案:
If you are planning to start a career in the field of education,science,or culture,then an internship(实习) at UNESCO will be ideal for you.
Who can apply?
    You have completed your full-time university studies;or.
    You are studying in a graduate program for a master's degree.
    Applicants in technical assignments must have reached the last year of their studies in a technical institution.
What are the requirements?
    You must be at least 20 years old.
    You should have a good command (掌握) of either English or French.
    You must have an excellent knowledge of office-related software.
    You should be able to work well in a team and adapt to an international working environment.
    You should possess strong interpersonal and communication skills.
What do you need to prepare?
    Visa:You should obtain the necessary visas.
    Travel:You must arrange and finance your travel to and from the location where you will do your internship.
    Medical insurance:You must show proof of a comprehensive health insurance valid(有效的)in the target country for the entire period of the internship.UNESCO will provide limited insurance coverage up to USD30,000 for the internship period.
    Medical certificate:You must provide a medical certificate indicating you are fit to work.
    Motivation letter:You should have your motivation letter ready before filling out the application form.
Your application will be accessed by UNESCO managers and will stay in our database for six months.We do not respond to every candidate.If selected,you will be contacted by a manager.If you do not receive any update within six months,it means that your application has not been successful. 
第21题
According to this passage,applicants are required to________.
A.hold a master's degree in science B.have international work experience C.be fluent in either English or French D.present a letter from a technical institution
第22题
What will UNESCO provide for the internship period?
A.Limited medical insurance coverage. B.Training in communication skills. C.A medical certificate for work. D.Financial support for travel.
第23题
What should applicants do before filling out the application form?
A.Contact UNESCO managers. B.Get access to the database. C.Keep a motivation letter at hand. D.Work in a team for six months.
I remember the day during our first week of class when we were informed about our semester(学期) project of volunteering at a non-profit organization.When the teacher introduced us to the different organizations that needed our help,my last choice was Operation Iraqi Children (OIC).My first impression of the organization was that it was not going to make enough of a difference with the plans I had in mind. 
Then,an OIC representative gave us some details,which somewhat interested me.After doing some research, I believed that we could really do something for those kids.When I went online to the OIC website,I saw pictures of the Iraqi children.Their faces were so powerful in sending a message of their despair(绝望) and need that I joined this project without hesitation.We decided to collect as many school supplies as possible,and make them into kits——one kit,one child. 
The most rewarding day for our group was project day,when all the efforts we put into collecting the items finally came together.When I saw the various supplies we had collected,it hit me that every kit we were to build that day would eventually be in the hands of an Iraqi child.Over the past four months,I had never imagined how I would feel once our project was completed.While making the kits,I realized that I had lost sight of the true meaning behind it.I had only focused on the fact that it was another school project and one I wanted to get a good grade on.When the kits were completed,and ready to be sent overseas,the warm feeling I had was one I would never forget. 
In the beginning,I dared myself to make a difference in the life of another person.Now that our project is over,I realize that I have affected not only one life,but ten.With our efforts,ten young boys and girls will now be able to further their education. 
第24题
How did the author feel about joining the OIC project in the beginning?
A.It would affect his/her initial plans. B.It would involve traveling overseas. C.It would not bring him/her a good grade. D.It would not live up to his/her expectations.
第25题
What mainly helped the author change his/her attitude toward the project?
A.Images of Iraqi children. B.Research by his/her classmates. C.A teacher's introduction. D.A representative's comments.
第26题
The author's OIC project group would help ten Iraqi children to________..
A.become OIC volunteers B.further their education C.study in foreign countries D.influence other children
第27题
What can we conclude from this passage?
A.One's potential cannot always be underrated. B.First impression cannot always be trusted. C.Actions speak louder than words. D.He who hesitates is lost.
Hundreds of scientists, writers and academics sounded a warning to humanity in an open letter published last December: Policymakers and the rest of us must engage openly with the risk of global collapse. Researchers in many areas have projected the widespread collapse as “a credible scenario(情景) this century”.  
A survey of scientists found that extreme weather events, food insecurity, and freshwater shortages might create global collapse. Of course, if you are a non-human species, collapse is well underway.  
The call for public engagement with the unthinkable is especially germane in this moment of still-uncontrolled pandemic and economic crises in the world's most technologically advanced nations. Not very long ago, it was also unthinkable that a virus would shut down nations and that safety nets would be proven so disastrously lacking in flexibility.  
The international scholars’ warning letter doesn't say exactly what collapse will look like or when it might happen. Collapseology, the study of collapse, is more concerned with identifying trends and with them the dangers of everyday civilization. Among the signatories(签署者) of the warning was Bob Johnson, the originator of the “ecological footprint” concept, which measures the total amount of environmental input needed to maintain a given lifestyle. With the current footprint of humanity, “it seems that global collapse is certain to happen in some form, possibly within a decade, certainly within this century,” Johnson said in an email. 
“Only if we discuss the consequences of our biophysical limits,” the December warning letter says, “can we have the hope to reduce their speed, severity and harm”. And yet messengers of the coming disturbance are likely to be ignored. We all want to hope things will turn out fine. As a poet wrote, 
Man is a victim of dope(麻醉品) 
In the incurable form of hope. 
The hundreds of scholars who signed the letter are intent(执着) on quieting hope that ignores preparedness. “Let's look directly into the issue of collapse,” they say, “and deal with the terrible possibilities of what we see there to make the best of a troubling future.” 
第28题
What does the underlined word “germane” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?
A.Scientific. B.Credible. C.Original. D.Relevant.
第29题
As for the public awareness of global collapse, the author is________.
A.worried B.puzzled C.surprised D.scared
第30题
What can we learn from this passage?
A.The signatories may change the biophysical limits. B.The author agrees with the message of the poem. C.The issue of collapse is being prioritized. D.The global collapse is well underway.
Early fifth-century philosopher St.Augustine famously wrote that he knew what time was unless someone asked him.Albert Einstein added another wrinkle when he theorized that time varies depending on where you measure it.Today's state-of-the-art atomic(原子的) clocks have proven Einstein right.Even advanced physics can't decisively tell us what time is, because the answer depends on the question you're asking. 
Forget about time as an absolute.What if,instead of considering time in terms of astronomy,we related time to ecology?What if we allowed environmental conditions to set the tempo(节奏) of human life?We're increasingly aware of the fact that we can't control Earth systems with engineering alone,and realizing that we need to moderate(调节)our actions if we hope to live in balance.What if our definition of time reflected that? 
Recently,I conceptualized a new approach to timekeeping that's connected to circumstances on our planet,conditions that might change as a result of global warming.We're now building a clock at the Anchorage Museum that reflects the total flow of several major Alaskan rivers,which are sensitive to local and global environmental changes.We've programmed it to match an atomic clock if the waterways continue to flow at their present rate.If the rivers run faster in the future on average,the clock will get ahead of standard time.If they run slower,you'll see the opposite effect. 
The clock registers both short-term irregularities and long-term trends in river dynamics.It's a sort of observatory that reveals how the rivers are behaving from their own temporal frame(时间框架),and allows us to witness those changes on our smartwatches or phones.Anyone who opts to go on Alaska Mean River Time will live in harmony with the planet.Anyone who considers river time in relation to atomic time will encounter a major imbalance and may be motivated to counteract it by consuming less fuel or supporting greener policies. 
Even if this method of timekeeping is novel in its particulars,early agricultural societies also connected time to natural phenomena.In pre-Classical Greece,for instance,people“corrected”official calendars by shifting dates forward or backward to reflect the change of season.Temporal connection to the environment was vital to their survival.Likewise,river time and other timekeeping systems we're developing may encourage environmental awareness. 
When St.Augustine admitted his inability to define time, he highlighted one of time 's most noticeable qualities:Time becomes meaningful only in a defined context.Any timekeeping system is valid,and each is as praiseworthy as its purpose. 
第31题
31 What is the main idea of Paragraph 1?
A.Timekeeping is increasingly related to nature. B.Everyone can define time on their own terms. C.The qualities of time vary with how you measure it. D.Time is a major concern of philosophers and scientists.
第32题
The author raises three questions in Paragraph 2 mainly to________.
A.present an assumption B.evaluate an argument C.highlight an experiment D.introduce an approach
第33题
What can we learn from this passage?
A.Those who do not go on river time will live an imbalanced life. B.New ways of measuring time can help to control Earth systems. C.Atomic time will get ahead of river time if the rivers run slower. D.Modern technology may help to shape the rivers’ temporal frame.
第34题
What can we infer from this passage?
A.It is crucial to improve the definition of time. B.A fixed frame will make time meaningless. C.We should live in harmony with nature. D.History is a mirror reflecting reality.

书面表达(共两节,32分)

第一节(共4小题;第4041题各2分,第423分,第435分,共12分)学科网 zxxk.com

阅读下面短文,根据题目要求用英文回答问题。学科网 zxxk.com

Recent research suggests that if an argument gets resolvedthe emotional response tied to it is significantly reduced or almost completely erasedThusit may be worth bringing up issues with your friends family membersor classmates rather than holding them back学科网 zxxk.com

There is a difference between arguing and fightingArguing is that you and your opponent present your concerns and discuss the feelings and issues related to those concernsYou can engage in an argument respectfully without stirring up(激起) angerFightinghoweverusually involves personal attacksraising of voices and storming outDiscussing your issues and resolving them instead of stuffing them down can improve your emotional healthIn a study2.000 people were asked to record their feelings and experiences for eight days in a rowWhen people had an argument that they considered resolved they had half the reactivity (情绪反应) of those who avoided an argumentReactivity is an increase in negative emotions or a decrease in positive emotionsIn other wordsresolving an argument cuts your negative feelings by halfOne day later people who had a resolved argument reported no increase of negative emotions compared with those who avoided an argument This means that resolving an argument can feel like you have reached a state of resolution——and you are less likely to be annoyed学科网 zxxk.com

Moreoverthe older you arethe more likely you will come to a resolution after an argumentThis may be because more life experience usually leads to more defined prioritiesYou are more likely to distinguish between what matters and what does not学科网 zxxk.com

It is easier to avoid a discussionbut risking talking about it may eventually lead to a better outcome学科网 zxxk.com

40. According to this passagewhat is arguing学科网 zxxk.com

41. Why is it that“the older you are the more likely you will come to a resolution after an argument”学科网 zxxk.com

42. Please decide which part is false in the following statementthen underline it and explain why学科网 zxxk.com

Resolving arguments can improve your emotional healthbecause it increases your reactivity and reduces the chance of you getting angry学科网 zxxk.com

43. In addition to improving emotional healthwhat do you think are some other benefits of resolving an argument? (In about 40 words学科网 zxxk.com

【答案】40. Arguing is discussing your worriesrelated feelings and problems with the other party    学科网 zxxk.com

41. It is because more life experience may help people better identify priorities in life    学科网 zxxk.com

42. Resolving arguments can improve your emotional healthbecause it increases your reactivity and reduces the chance of you getting angryResolving arguments helps to decrease your reactivity    学科网 zxxk.com

43. Resolving arguments can also improve people's logical thinking and resilience, and improve their relationship with each other.(参考答案)

第二节(20分)

44. 【北京卷】假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你和英国好友Jim原定本周末一起外出,你因故不能赴约。请你用英文给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:学科网 zxxk.com

1.表达歉意并说明原因;学科网 zxxk.com

2.提出建议并给出理由。学科网 zxxk.com

注意:学科网 zxxk.com

1词数100左右;学科网 zxxk.com

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。学科网 zxxk.com

Dear Jim,学科网 zxxk.com

______________

Yours,学科网 zxxk.com

Li Hua学科网 zxxk.com

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