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复合句习题

类型:按句子结构   时间:2021-01-01   访问228次  

什么是复合句:

由一个主句和一个或一个以上从句构成的句子叫做复合句。所谓主句,就是在复合句中起统领作用的句子,它bai是全句的主体,通常可以独立存在;而从句则是复合句的一个句子成分,不能独立存在。

You’ll feel better after you take the pills. 
吃完药丸后你会感到好一些。
The police learned that he wasn’t there at that time. 
警察获知他那时不在场。

这两句都是复合句,第一句的主句是You’ll feel better,从句是after you take the pills,由after引导,在整个复合句中用作状语,表示时间;第二句的主句是The police learned是主句,that he wasn’t there at that time是从句,由that引导,在整个复合句中用作宾语。

复合句分类:
1、定语从句(The Attributive Clause):
定语从句(也称关系从句、形容词性从句),一个句子跟在一名词或代词(先行词)后进行修饰限定,就叫做定语从句。通俗来讲,从句在整个句子中做定语,这个从句就叫做定语从句。从句在主句中充当定语成分。
被修饰的词叫先行词。定语从句不同于单词作定语的情况,它通常只能放在被修饰的词(即先行词)之后。
引导词分为“关系代词”和“关系副词”。
2、状语从句(The Adverbial Clause):
状语从句指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子。状语从句中的从句可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。根据其作用可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、方式和比较等从句。
状语从句一般由连词(从属连词)引导,也可以由词组引起。从句位于句首或句中时通常用逗号与主句隔开,位于句尾时可以不用逗号隔开。
3、名词性从句(The Noun Clause):
1)宾语从句
在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。宾语从句的引导词和主语从句的引导词相同。宾语从句可以作及物动词的宾语,作短语动词的宾语,介词的宾语。
2)主语从句
在复合句中充当主语成分的句子叫做主语从句。常规主语从句,即句子在复合句中充当一个主语。主语从句的时态:不受主句的时态影响和限制。

练习题(共38题)用时【00:00:00
【第1题】[单选题]– Do you know ______ World Water Day is? - On March 22nd.
A.when B.where C.what D.which
【第2题】[单选题] – Do you know ______ tomorrow?- At 8 o’clock.
A.when did she come B.when she came C.when will she come D.when she will come
【第3题】[单选题] We want to know ______ to help them.
A.what can we do B.what we can do C.how can we do D.how we can do
【第4题】[单选题] Jenny is on holiday now. I wonder______.
A.when she will come back B.when she came back C.when will she come back D.when did she come back
【第5题】[单选题] I didn’t see Laura at the party last night. Do you know _____?
A.why didn’t she come B.what happened C.when would she arrive D.where she has been
【第6题】[单选题]I’m not sure _______next week.
A.how he comes back B.whether he will come back C.when will he come back D.whether he come back
【第7题】[单选题]If you watch carefully, you can see _____the man does the trick with the cards.
A.who B.what C.how D.which
【第8题】[单选题]-Excuse me, I want to go to the 21st National Book Expo. Could you tell me _____? - Sure .It’s at No.3 Changjiang Road in Harbin.
A.where it is B.where it was C.where is it D.how is it
【第9题】[单选题]- Could you please tell me______? - Tomorrow morning.
A.how I can get to the post office B.how long can I keep the book C.when to leave for Beijing D.where I should take the early bus
【第10题】[单选题]- Do you know _______ Beijing with his family?- Next week.
A.when Mr Zhao will visit B.when will Mr Zhao will visit C.when Mr Zhao visited D.when Mr Zhao visit
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