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英语定语从句考点及命题规律

类型:英语语法    时间:2020-08-28    访问55次
1. 考查which引导的非限制性定语从句
which引导非限制性定语从句,用以指代整个主句的内容,或主句中某个词或短语的内容。如:
(1) By serving others, a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, _______ can be very eye-opening and rewarding.
A. who B. which C. what D. that
答案为B。which在此引导非限制性定语从句,which在定语从句中用作主语,表示前面所提到的情况。
(2) Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, _______ used to be poorly run, is now a successful business.
A. that B. which C. who D. where
答案为B。which used to be poorly run为非限制性定语从句,其中的which指代前面的China’s restaurant
2. 考查as引导的非限制性定语从句
as也可指代整个主句的内容,但不同于which的是,它引导的定语从句既可以位于主句的前面,也可以位于主句的后面。它的意思是“正如”,在这些从句中as 作主语或宾语。如:
(1) _______ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting.
A. When B. After C. As D. Since
答案为。as 引导定语从句,其意为“正如”。
(2) _______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
A. Which B. When C. What D. As
答案为D。解析:引导非限制性定语从句且位于主句之前,用as引导。答案分别为CBD。
3. 考查由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句
“介词+关系代词”结构中的关系代词主要是which或whom,不能是that;其中的介词则要根据句子中的相关搭配来确定。如:
(1) He was educated at the local high school, _______ he went on to Beijing University.
A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that
答案为A。after which中的which指“他在当地一所高中接受教育”,after which的意思就是“在当地一所高中接受完教育之后(即高中毕业之后)”。
(2) She was educated at Beijing University, _______ she went on to have her advanced study abroad.
A. after which B. from which C. from that D. after that
答案为A。after which在此引导非限制性定语从句,相当于and after that。又如:This I did at nine o’clock, after which I sat reading the paper. 九点时我做这件事,之后我就坐在那里看报。
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